WHEELING MANUFACTURED PAPER AND TURNED IT INTO LEATHER ‘LEATHEROID’ INVENTED IN WHEELING, WEST VIRGINIA by John Bowman 2018

WHEELING MANUFACTURED PAPER AND TURNED IT INTO LEATHER ‘LEATHEROID’ INVENTED IN WHEELING, WEST VIRGINIA by John Bowman 2018

Shelves of books with their Leather Binding’s look great but you just know that many of the books bindings aren’t really leather. Faux leather book bindings, and artificial leather that we find covering many products are manufactured and marketed under many names, including a name we commonly know, ‘Leatherette’ and of course the faux leather product known as ‘Leatheroid’.
        LEATHEROID was invented in Wheeling, West Virginia sometime around or before 1879 at the Hanna & Clemmans, (Thompson Hannah, Thomas Hanna, Daniel W. Hanna, and Daniel Clemmans) ‘Fulton Paper Mill’. Leatheroid’s basis was an improvement in the manufacture of “Parchment” paper based on an 1877 patent of Thompson Hanna then of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.1 “Parchment” paper (the real thing) was made from untanned animal skin (preferably goat) that produced a material suitable for writing. Pages of the U.S. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and the Articles of Confederation were written on Parchment paper. By the mid-1800s, Parchment paper was being made from cellulose and cotton fiber that mimicked the surface of parchment.
Wheeling’s Fulton Paper Mill was founded very early (possibly in operation from the early 1820s) by Alexander Armstrong & Co. It was located on the south side of Center Street in Fulton2 (a section of Wheeling) and the mill was powered by water from the nearby Wheeling Creek.
Alexander Armstrong & Company’s ‘Fulton Paper Mill’ was seceded to the Spence & Thomas Hanna, paper manufactory in 1872. Alexander Armstrong in his elder years had given up the daily running of the mill, (he died in 1868) and in 1878, the mill came under the ownership of Thomas Hanna and Daniel W. Clemmans doing business as the ‘Fulton Paper Mill’ Hanna & Clemmans Paper Co. The mill was mainly manufacturing newspaper for Wheeling’s thriving newspaper business.
Hanna was experimenting with his patented ‘Parchment’ paper using different chemical solutions and modifications to some of the mills equipment, the result being the development of ‘Leatheroid’. George Knox3 an employee of the company is credited with many of the new ideas used in this process. ‘Leatheroid’ (imitation leather, the vinyl of its day) was prepared by using unsized cotton paper that would allow the fiber to be vulcanized in a process using mineral acid.
The Fulton Paper Mill company manufactured and advertised their patented ‘LEATHEROID’ paper as being manufactured by their subsidiary company, the ‘Leatheroid Manufacturing Co.’, shipping it throughout America and Europe. The ‘Leatheroid’ Manufacturing Company’s first existence can be traced to Wheeling, West Virginia in 1879.4 The State of West Virginia’s 1879 Session Laws named the following individuals holding shares, and the number of shares they owned.5 Thompson Hanna owned 125 shares, Thomas S. Hanna 25 shares, Charles E. Dwight 25 shares, Daniel Clemmans 25 shares, and Daniel W. Hanna 1 share. Shares were valued at $100.00 each.
Leatheroid (imitation leather) was advertised as being particularly adapted to the construction of carriages, railroad cars, chair seats, trunks, etcetera and etcetera. America’s railroads quickly picked-up on the new ‘Leatheroid’ product, had it molded into wall panels and fitted it into their luxuriously appointed railcars. Soon, Wheeling homes were installing ‘Leatheroid’ as wainscoting on their walls, and some of this ‘Leatheroid’ wainscoting can yet be found in many old Wheeling homes. Leatheroid really does look like real leather, and it was sold as a leather product. One difference, ‘Leatheroid’ can be ‘design molded’, real leather cannot.
Wheeling’s ‘Leatheroid Manufacturing Company’ sold its patent and process in 1880 to a paper manufacturer in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and in 1881, Leatheroid was sold to a manufacturer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Finally, the Mousam Manufacturing Company purchased Leatheroid and its equipment and manufacturing operations, and moved it all to Kennebunk, Maine.6
Here we see an 1888 Gripsack catalog advertisement J. Eveleigh & Co. Montreal, Canada and a Leatheroid Manufacturing Company ‘Leatheroid’ advertisement from “Historic New England org”.

Eveleigh add 1888

Leatheroid add Historic New England. org

Alexander Armstrong’s early history
In 1807-1808, Alexander Armstrong 1785-1868 published the Wheeling Repository, Wheeling’s first newspaper. Mr. Armstrong had a small printing press next to his home on the west side of Main Street in Wheeling. This newspaper was a sort of weekly literary magazine of about eight pages, about eight by twelve inches in size. Armstrong’s paper was manufactured in a small paper mill inside a Wheeling built river barge that he had moored to the riverbank behind his residence just above Beymer’s Landing at what would then be the foot of Jefferson (Ninth) Street, and today would be under Wheeling’s I-70 ‘Fort Henry’ Bridge. Attached to the barge was a paddlewheel that in-turn, powered a cam-hammer setup inside the barge. The cam-hammer setup hammered old rags, (rags cut into small pieces that were soaked in a large water filled vat) into pulp. In essence, this was and is the beginning of papermaking.

Barge Water History. org

Barge – Paddlewheel drawing: An Illustration from Water History.org
Next: University of Iowa “Paper Through Time” Pictures Titled:
Figure 3. Cutting rags into smaller pieces and removing buttons, pins, and other foreign matter.
Figure 8. Encyclopédie stampers; cut-away side view.

Figure 3 Paper Through Time University of Iowa

Figure 8 Paper Through Time University of Iowa

Evidently, early Wheeling didn’t find a great need to read news as no newspaper was published from 1808 to 1820. Starting in 1820, Rob Curtis published the Virginia North Western Gazette, a Saturday edition. In 1821, it was known as the Wheeling Gazette, (Curtis, R.I., Publisher) a weekly and semi-weekly with office and plant on Monroe (Twelfth) Street. In 1826, (McCreary, John M.) was his successor at 86 Main Street, corner of Monroe Street. The paper became the Wheeling Daily Gazette in the 1840s, published by James E. Wharton, and others followed. Armstrong’s ‘Fulton Paper Mill’ furnished the newspaper.  A Fulton Paper Mills “Letter Head” from John Bowman’s collection.

Fulton Paper Mills Letter Head John Bowman’s collection

In 1878, the Fulton Paper Mills advertised they shipped a superior grade of strong ‘Tea’ paper throughout this area and the adjoining states into 1889-1890s.
Finding nowhere a paper made that was actually ‘Tea’ paper as advertised above, there was found however an engineering description of the mechanical behavior of paper when subjected to tensile stresses as they are pulled to failure, and this is known as tensile energy absorption ‘TEA’, the breaking strength of paper, perhaps?

Wheeling’s other Paper Mills
In 1826, William Lambdin erected a mill on land owned by William Chapline on Twenty-Third Street from Water to Main Streets in South (Centre) Wheeling. The Virginia Paper Mill operated for ten years and burned in 1836. At this time, the old Cotton Factory at 49 Water Street ran by Marcus Wilson and Henry Echols had failed and was in the process of being turned into a paper mill. Lambdin and his son purchased the mill and continued the paper milling business into 1858. William Lambdin and Son also ran a dry goods and grocery store at the same address. In 1858, Daniel Cushing a partner with a Mr. Ayers in an oilcloth factory purchased the mill and ran it to 1861.
The Point Paper Mill of A. & R. Fisher at 10 South Street on the point above Wheeling Creek was erected in 1837, which they ran into the mid-1840s. The two were proprietors of a blacksmith, wagon and plough making business at the same address.
Robinson, A.G. & Co., paper manufacturers at 323 Water Street, Wheeling, Virginia in 1853.
Joshua McCracken was a paper maker at 33 Water Street, Wheeling, Virginia in the 1850s.

Cushing & Osbun Letter Head John Bowman’s collection

Daniel Cushing and Mr. Osbun turned the old Ayres & Cushing, oilcloth factory, established in 1855 on Webster (Twentieth) Street, located on the south side of Wheeling Creek into a paper manufactory in 1858. They advertised they manufactured “Black and Fancy Colored Leather Cloth”, “Plain and Enamelled”, (this was probably oilcloth) and “Also, Green Transparent Window Cloth”. Along with oilcloth, they made straw paper and straw board for bonnet boxes into the 1870s. What about this oilcloth? Oilcloth aka Enameled Cloth was made using a boiled linseed oil treatment on cotton or linen cloth, which gave the cloth a water-resistant surface. Oilcloth tablecloths were popular in America into the late 1950s. Straw board was a thick and coarse paper fabric of yellow paper or cardboard made of straw largely used by manufacturers of cheap paper boxes used in Wheeling’s Stogie trade. “Green Transparent Window Cloth”; a window shade? In Wheeling’s early 1700 homes, ‘Log’ homes built before there was window glass, builders used paper greased with animal fat for window openings, which made it both translucent and waterproof. This author once noticed an old farm building with a window opening that had greased paper. It was just a cheap way to make a see through window.
Two Centre Wheeling, Virginia paper mills were listed in 1858, the Bassett & Co., paper manufacturer corner of Water and Mill Alley in South (Centre) Wheeling and the Phoenix Paper Mill, corner Water and Second Streets in South (Centre) Wheeling.
In 1859, we find the D. Wagener & Co. wholesale paper warehouse at 22 Main Street with an outlet at 1505 Main and 1506 South Streets, Wheeling, Virginia. In 1872, Wagener & Co. was listed as a manufacturer of Rag and Straw Wrapping Paper, and a dealers in Print, Tea and Manila Papers, Bonnet Boards etc., and Dry or Saturated Roofing Paper at 56 Main Street, Wheeling, W. Va.7 Manila and Hemp scraps from Wheeling’s Rope making business went into papermaking. Manila paper was highly valued for its high strength and durability.

Wagener & Co. Bill of Lading John Bowman’s collection

Wagener & Company “Bill of Lading” from John Bowman’s collection.
The R.G. Jordan & Co., paper manufactory and the Star Paper Mill in West Wheeling, Ohio supplied the Wagener Company from 1859 to 1880.
James Jepson & Co., paper manufacturers at 1321 Main Streets, Wheeling was listed in 1889.
The Hanna & Clemmans ‘Fulton Paper Mills’ having been Wheeling’s first paper mill would be Wheeling’s final paper manufacturing business lasting well into the 1890s.

From; the “Engineering and Mining Journal” November 16, 1878 Page 345
Leatheroid – A new chemical product has just been brought out at Wheeling, West Virginia under the name of Leatheroid. This name was selected by its inventors on account of its resemblance to leather. It is made of two varieties, one being soft and flexible like leather, the other hard like Gutta-percha (natural latex produced from the sap of trees) or vulcanized rubber resembling those materials in its density strength and hardness and like them is susceptible of a very high polish. The Leatheroid is manufactured from vegetable fiber by a chemical process, which is patented. It is made in sheets of 12 feet in length by 4 feet in width and can be made of any desired thickness from one-hundredth of an inch to one inch. The Leatheroid has been thoroughly tested as a substitute for leather in the manufacture of trunks and washers, for Gutta-percha in combs, napkin rings, etc. For tin and iron in roving cans and bobbin boxes for cotton mills, for whalebone in whips, for copper in shoe tips, for wood in chair seats, and also used in the manufacture of friction pulleys. For machinery cams and in fact there seems to be no end to the use to which it can be applied. Leatheroid can be made of any color though it is usually made brick red to imitate leather or vulcanized rubber. Black, which is used in the manufacture of combs and canes, and walnut, which is used in chair seats. One of the great advantages claimed for Leatheroid is that it is cheaper and better than any of the materials, which it is intended to replace.

Endnotes

1 Patent #198,382 October 20, 1877 “Improvement in the Manufacture of Parchment-Paper” Hanna, Thompson and Hanna, Thompson S. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
2 Fulton, the town of: It is not known whether the name ‘Fulton’ was given by the owner of the paper mills there (a Mr. Armstrong) or Judge Thompson who was a congressional representative who later argued the case against Pittsburgh’s attempt to take down the Wheeling Suspension Bridge. But, the town was named for Robert Fulton, the designer of the steamboat who powered it up the Hudson River in 1807.
3 George Knox, Knox Lane in the Leatherwood area of Wheeling incorporated in 1868.
4 Source: Newton, J.H. Editor, Nichols, G.G., Sprankle, A.G. History of the Pan-Handle, Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia J.A. Caldwell, Wheeling, W.Va. 1879, pages 288, 289.
5 Source: Acts of the Legislature of West Virginia at its Fourteenth Session Commencing January 8th 1879; Published by W.J. Johnston Public Printer; Wheeling, West Virginia; 1879 page 248.
The West Virginia law incorporated the company with $20,200.00 in initial capitalization, each share having a $100 value. The company was authorized to increase its capitalization to $100,000 through the sale of additional shares with the value of $100 each.
6 Patent #312,945 February 24, 1885 “Manufacture of Parchment-Paper or Leatheroid” Andrews, Emery Leatheroid Manufacturing Co. of Kennebunk, Maine
7 Source: Newton, J.H. Editor, Nichols, G.G., Sprankle, A.G. History of the Pan-Handle, Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia J.A. Caldwell, Wheeling, W.Va. 1879 Pg. 243

Photo Credits
11888 Gripsack catalog advertisement J. Eveleigh & Co. Montreal, Canada.
2 Leatheroid Manufacturing Company ‘Leatheroid’ advertisement from “Historic New England org”.
3 Figure 3. Cutting rags into smaller pieces and removing buttons, pins, and other foreign matter.
4 Figure 8. Encyclopédie stampers; cut-away side view. Pictures Used Credits: University of Iowa “Paper Through Time”.
5 Barge with paddlewheel An Illustration from Water History.org
6 A Fulton Paper Mills “Letter Head” from John Bowman’s collection.
7 A Cushing & Osbun “Letter Head” from John Bowman’s collection.
8 D. Wagener & Company “Bill of Lading” from John Bowman’s collection.

Bibliography
1 Bowman, John, Bills of Lading Freight On Board Wheeling, W. Va. Wheeling, WV 2012.
2 Newton, J.H. Editor, Nichols, G.G., Sprankle, A.G. History of the Pan-Handle, Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia J.A. Caldwell, Wheeling, W.Va. 1879 Reprint Heritage Books, Inc. Bowie, MD 1990.

90 Responsesso far.

  1. Cyrus Ebling says:

    This site is known as a stroll-by means of for the entire information you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and also you’ll undoubtedly discover it.

  2. Exactly what I was looking for, appreciate it for putting up.

  3. Mike Minder says:

    Great article! Any chance that Leatherwood was so named because of Leatheroid?

  4. JohnBowman says:

    Thanks Mike. I wondered that too, it is possible maybe probable, but in my research, I did not find anything documenting that.
    John Bowman

  5. Never knew this, appreciate it for letting me know.

  6. I like this blog its a master peace ! .

  7. There’s noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice factors in options also.

  8. Excellent way of explaining, and fastidious paragraph to take dataregarding my presentation subject matter, which i am going to deliverin college.

  9. What i don’t realize is in truth how you are not really much more neatly-appreciated
    than you might be right now. You are very intelligent.
    You understand thus significantly relating to this subject,
    produced me for my part imagine it from a lot of various angles.
    Its like women and men are not interested unless it’s something to accomplish
    with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs nice. Always
    handle it up!

  10. Hien Heck says:

    It’s actually a nice and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you just shared thishelpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this.Thank you for sharing.

  11. Irena Mihara says:

    I view something really interesting about your web blog so I saved to my bookmarks.

  12. With thanks! Valuable information!

  13. This is the proper blog for anyone who wants to seek out out about this topic. You notice a lot its nearly laborious to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just nice!

  14. Angele Sigg says:

    GreatWonderfulFantasticMagnificentExcellent beat ! I wish towould like to apprentice at the same time aswhilsteven aswhile you amend your siteweb sitewebsite, how cancould i subscribe for a blogweblog siteweb sitewebsite? The account aidedhelped me a appropriateapplicableacceptable deal. I werehave beenhad been tinya little bit familiaracquainted of this your broadcast providedoffered brightshinybrilliantvibrantvivid transparentclear conceptidea

  15. Like to write more about this subject? I intuit you might be reluctant to share some of the unpopular reasoning, but I for one, like reading them..|

  16. I understand the points in this essay, but I hope to see additional detail from you at some point.

  17. You should take part in a contest for one of the best blogs on the web. I will recommend this site!

  18. JohnBowman says:

    Thank you!
    John

  19. You’re certainly wise and thoughtful. I wonder if I could submit one or two questions? It’s just that..I know a few ideas that negate this.

  20. read page says:

    This is more helpful information than I’ve found elsewhere.

  21. Nice Post.. Its Helpfull.. Thank You.. you are Awesome.

  22. woh I love your posts, bookmarked! .

  23. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.Visit Our Site At: סי בי די

  24. So, I enjoy your blog and I enjoyed this post in particular. . Where can I read more?

  25. You give some compelling arguments within this entry, but are you generalising something contextual?

  26. Zena Steffa says:

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  27. Normally I don’t learn article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to check out and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thank you, very nice article.

  28. I am trying to find a free Dreamweaver alternative and it looks like Kompozer is good. But I could not find any feedback with using this program for wordpress templates. I wanted to know if anyone has used it and how well it works. Thanks in advance..

  29. I do believe all the concepts you have introduced on your post. They’re very convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are too quick for newbies. May you please lengthen them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  30. This brings up some good points-however I notice you are in need of detail. I would like to see you add to this, because you are an informative author and I enjoy reading your posts.

  31. Pete says:

    Jeez. It’s been a long time I actually pulled out a piece of printer paper to take notes on a blog post lol. Thanks for this. You’ve earned yourself a new reader!

  32. Thanks so much for the blog article.Thanks Again. Cool.

  33. Mariah Enzor says:

    I have not checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  34. I cannot thank you enough for the blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.

  35. I suspect that you may be repetitive in this article solely to attract attention.

  36. I love it when people get together and share thoughts. Great site, continue the good work!

  37. Agreed- Humanity shouldn’t ignore problem any longer. How to proceed?

  38. These are genuinely enormous ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some fastidious things here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  39. Hey there! Quick question that’s completely
    off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?

    My web site looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this
    issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. With thanks!

  40. This article will help the internet visitors for creating new
    website or even a blog from start to end.

  41. Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back once
    again since I book marked it. Money and freedom is the
    best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  42. nails breda says:

    This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I’ve found something which helped me. Thanks!

  43. We stumbled over here from a different web page and thought I
    might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to looking into your web page for a second time.

  44. I have read so many articles or reviews regarding
    the blogger lovers except this article is actually a nice
    paragraph, keep it up.

  45. I do not even know the way I ended up here, however I assumed this submit was once great.

    I don’t recognise who you’re but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger if you happen to aren’t already.

    Cheers!

  46. Hi all, here every person is sharing such knowledge, so it’s good to read this web
    site, and I used to visit this website daily.

  47. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem along with your web site in web explorer, could test this?
    IE still is the market chief and a large section of folks will pass
    over your excellent writing because of this problem.

  48. Your style is unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from. Thank you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this web site.

  49. It’s fantastic that you are getting thoughts from this post as well as
    from our dialogue made at this place.

  50. That’s actually informative. Would it be ok to counter with a few questions?

  51. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after
    going through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me.

    Anyways, I’m certainly happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking it
    and checking back often!

  52. My subscribers on Google+ would find value in this entry. Can I show it to them?|

  53. Having read this I believed it was really informative.
    I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this short article together.

    I once again find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments.
    But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  54. I do believe all the ideas you’ve introduced to your post.
    They’re very convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless,
    the posts are very short for newbies. May just you please extend them a bit from
    next time? Thanks for the post.

  55. I get what you mean, but I have questions. Can I PM you?

  56. Hi there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of hard work due to no data
    backup. Do you have any solutions to protect against hackers?

  57. suba me says:

    QFMUFv Im obliged for the blog article.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  58. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did
    you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a
    few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump
    out. Please let me know where you got your design. Appreciate it

  59. You have made some decent points there. I checked on the web for additional information about the issue
    and found most people will go along with your views on this
    site.

  60. You ave made some good points there. I checked on the net for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.

  61. eebest8 back says:

    “Everything is very open with a very clear clarification of the challenges. It was really informative. Your site is useful. Many thanks for sharing!”

  62. Wow! Thank you! I constantly wanted to write on my site something like that. Can I include a fragment of your post to my blog?

  63. Say, you got a nice blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  64. seem to be running off the screen in Opera.

  65. Superb read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little study on that. And he really bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let

  66. Spot on with this write-up, I really suppose this website needs much more consideration. I?ll most likely be again to read much more, thanks for that info.

  67. Goldie says:

    Terrific paintings! That is the kind of info that should be shared across the web. Disgrace on the search engines for not positioning this put up higher! Come on over and visit my site. Thank you =)

  68. Carina says:

    pretty valuable material, overall I think this is worth a bookmark, thanks

  69. Agustina says:

    Thanks so much for the blog article.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  70. Raguel says:

    Thanks again for the blog post.Much thanks again. Great.

  71. This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something that helped me.
    Thanks a lot!

  72. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after browsing through some of the articles
    I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I discovered it
    and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  73. Pretty! This has been a really wonderful article. Thank you for supplying this info.

  74. Say, you have got a nice blog post.Really looking forward to reading through much more. Cool.

  75. promos says:

    You finished approximately nice points there. I did a explore taking place the deliver and found mainly guys will commend with your blog.

  76. My spouse and I stumbled over here from a different web address and thought
    I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.

    Look forward to exploring your web page repeatedly.

  77. Excellent way of describing, and pleasant piece of writing to take information concerning my presentation topic, which i am going to present in school.

  78. I think you have observed some very interesting points , regards for the post.

  79. Hi there friends, how is the whole thing, and what you desire
    to say concerning this article, in my view its actually remarkable
    designed for me.

  80. Bridgette says:

    I view something really special in this website.

  81. Penelope says:

    I think this is a real great blog article.Really thank you! Will read on

  82. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I
    find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you
    helped me.

  83. Hello to every body, it’s my first go to see of this website;
    this webpage includes amazing and really fine information in support of visitors.

  84. Say, you got a nice post.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  85. Well I really liked studying it. This post provided by you is very useful for correct planning.

  86. Thanks so much for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  87. Thanks, I have recently been seeking for facts about this subject for ages and yours is the best I ave discovered so far.