SECESSIONISTS TICKET May 23, 1861, the people of the state of Virginia ratified the Virginia Ordinance of Secession by a vote of 132,201 to 37,451.  The Poll-book of Wheeling listed those who voted to approve the Ordinance of Secession and to secede from the Union.[1] [2]

Wheeling persons voting to approve the ordinance of Secession (voting the Secesh ticket) was:

Askew, T. E., confectioner.
Betz, John W.
Bonham, John L., firm of Matthews & Bonham.
Bulger, James M., coffee house.
Bulger, John, saddler.
Caldwell, Joseph.
Clemens, Dr. James W.
Crowley, Nicholas, grocer, Market Square.
Does, D. J.
Dunbar, Dan, engineer.
Dunlap, Henry.
Fannce, J. L., from Smithfield, Ohio.
Francis, Peter.
Freeze, John, steamboat captain.
Fry, John L., Jr., son of the Hon. J. L. Fry.
Gardner, Thomas J., lumber merchant, North Wheeling.
Gillespie, Andy A.
Goldsborough, Conrad.
Goshorn, William G.
Goudy, John, Sr., carpenter.
Hanlin, James, South Wheeling.
Henry, George, cigar maker.
Hughes, Dr. Alfred, brother of Thomas Hughes.
Hughes, Thomas, tailor, clothing house.
Hullilren, A. F., dentist.
Hunter, John, formerly of Steubenville, Ohio.
Ibertson, Robert, grocer, corner Market and Union Streets.
Kelly, Aaron, nail factory, Benwood.
Keyes, Aber, clerk, with Thomas Hughes.
Knote, John, saddler, Main Street.
Letcher, Peter, Catholic book seller, Washington Hall.
Maxwell, John L., clerk.
McCoy, Ebenezer, botanic doctor.
McCoy, William, cashier at the Savings Institute.
McKinstry, C. W.
McNash, J. H., formerly of Bosley & McNash.
Miller, W. B., foundry, near the Wheeling Creek Bridge.
Miller, William, foundry, near the Wheeling Creek Bridge.
Mitchell, J. W., lawyer.
Moore, Henry, from Washington, Pennsylvania.
Moore, Philip W., editor of the Wheeling Union, Whig newspaper.
Orr, John W., shoemaker, from Washington, Pennsylvania.
Over, Rodolph.
Otterson, William, railroad stone mason.Over, Rodolph.
Pannel, A. J., lumber merchant, near the Custom House.
Pannel, Alexander, carpenter.
Phillips, Arthur M., Sr.
Phillips, Arthur M., Jr.
Phillips, Hans W., machinist and foundry, North Wheeling.
Phillips, William C. Pool, Jerome, coffee house, Washington Hall.
Purcell, William. Riley, J. B., clerk, with Michael Riley.
Riley, Michael, groceries and liquors, Market and Monroe Streets.
Riley, Miles, drayman.
Riley, Philip, (Michael Riley’s son).
Riley, Thomas M., (Michael Riley’s son).
Ruse, Maddis.
Sanger, Ira, a New Yorker.
Saylards, Harrison.
Scott, Walter G., carpenter.
Seabright, Charles W., clerk with Thomas Hughes.
Stransberg, Job, sexton, East Wheeling graveyard.
Stransberg, R. A., (Job Stransberg’s son).
Steenrod, Daniel, Esq.
Steenrod, Hon. Lewis.
Stewart, William, foundry.
Strain, Tom.
Sweeney, James, Sr., brick maker.
Switzer, William.
Towers, John H., clerk with Thomas Hughes.
Updergraff, J., steamboat man.
Webb, John.
Wharton, William.
Wheeler, George, clerk under John McColloch, of the County Court.
White, Andrew, clerk, North Western Bank.
Wilson, William P., boat builder, firm of Wilson & Dunlevy.
Woodrow, S. D.
Zane, Daniel, of Wheeling Island.
Zane, Edmund P., lawyer.
Zane, Eugene, son of Ebenezer Zane, deceased.

Following the Civil War, one was required to take an Oath of Allegiance.  And, swear to support, protect and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States and the same applied to any state government.


            I, ___________________, do solemnly swear that I will support, protect, and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States against all enemies, whether domestic or foreign; and that I will bear true faith, allegiance, and loyalty to the same, any ordinance, resolution, or law of any State Convention or Legislature to the contrary notwithstanding; and further, that I do this with a full determination, pledge, and purpose, without any mental reservation or evasion whatsoever; and further, that I will well and faithfully perform all the duties which may be required of me by law: So help me God.

                                                            (signed) _____________________

            Sworn and subscribed before me at  _____________________,

this _____ day of _____________, 1867.

                                                            (signed) _____________________


Reuben M. Thomas, a Wheeling steamboat engineer, who would later become a steamboat inspector of hulls, working out of the Wheeling Custom House (Office 2nd floor NW corner, West Virginia Independence Hall) signed this oath.

Oath of Allegiance signed by Reuben M. Thomas the 16th day of September, 1867 From the John Bowman collection

[1]Source: Cranmer, Hon. Gibson Lamb, History of Wheeling City and Ohio County, West Virginia and Representative Citizens, Biographical Publishing Co., Chicago, Ill.1902 Pg. 192-193

[2] Source: Bowman, John, Bills of Lading Freight on Board Wheeling, West Virginia 2012 Pg. 293 hading A

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